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EXTREME HEATWAVE FOR RELAVENT PROVINCIAL DEPARTMENTS

GENERAL GUIDELINES ON EXTREME HEATWAVE FOR RELEVANT PROVINCIAL DEPARTMENTS

Recent global climatic changes have also begun impacting Sindh province in terms of human misery. In anticipation of such climatic eventuality, the PDMA has devised following guidelines for action by all concerned departments/authorities in addition to their own SOPs:

PAKISTAN METEOROLOGICAL DEPARTMENT: 

  • Predict and share the warning with PDMA at least one week prior to the expected Heat Wave.
  • Keep public informed on extreme-heat impacts through Media/Website.
  • Coordinate all relevant information with NDMA/ PDMA on daily basis.
  • Issue heat alerts based on the determined threshold.

RED ALERT

Extreme Heat Alert Day

ORANGE ALERT

Heat Alert Day

Yellow ALERT

 Hot Day

 White ALERT

Not Alert

 

HEALTH DEPARTMENT & PPHI: 

  • Provide specific information on all precautions for extreme Heat.
  • Launch mobile teams in districts/talukas for First-aid and other emergency support to affectees.
  • Setup Information Center to share information amongst stakeholders.
  • Maintain adequate stock of life-saving drugs/vaccines w.r.t Heat Wave.
  • Share with stakeholders their SOPs for meeting Heat wave emergency.

K-ELECTRIC / HESCO / SEPCO: 

  • Ensure uninterrupted supply of electricity especially to Health service providers like Hospitals, Emergency centers etc.

LOCAL GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENT:

  • Direct its field staff to coordinate with Hospitals / health facilitators of the affected areas.
  • Direct KW&SB, WASA and concerned authorities in province to ensure uninterrupted supply of water.
  • Establish cool drinking water stalls at public places ie; bus stops, railway stations and densely populated areas.
  • Establish Heat Stroke Centers with sufficient ice and potable water.
  • Direct concerned authorities to provide free water-tanker service to affected areas.
  • Take steps to suspend all non-essential usage of water.
  • Ensure availability of Doctors at all local bodies managed Hospitals and dispensaries in the province.
  • Ensure medicine supplies w.r.t the Heat wave conditions.
  • Establish Heatstroke Emergency Centers at convenient locations.

TRAFFIC POLICE: 

  • Ensure uninterrupted movement of ambulances / doctors’ vehicles in affected areas.
  • Ensure smooth flow of traffic near Hospitals, Emergency Centers.
  • Restrict the public from travelling on rooftop of public transport during the peak heat hours.

INFORMATION DEPARTMENT:

  • Ensure wide publicity in local languages about precautionary measures during extreme heat wave.
  • Launch a public information campaign regarding the nearest Heat Emergency Centres for first aid instruction, in case the ambulance service is delayed.

LABOUR DEPARTMENT:

  • Organize training for employees, outdoor laborers/workers on impacts of extreme heat and how to protect themselves.
  • Advise concerned employees organizations to shift outdoor workers’ schedules away from peak heat hours (12.00pm – 3.00pm)

AMBULANCE SERVICE PROVIDERS IN PROVINCE:

  • Ensure attendance of all calls from heat affected people and their transportation to the nearest heatstroke center.
  • Ambulances must invoke early-cooling treatment once they pick up the patient.
  • Allocate ambulances at densely populated areas and near the Heatstroke Centers.
  • Create ‘displays’ on ambulances during local events to enhance public awareness.

DIVISIONAL / DISTRICT ADMINISTRATION / DDMAS:

  • Prepare district level response plans and guidelines.
  • Setup early warning & dissemination mechanism for public information.
  • Identify Government Buildings / Schools/ Marriage Halls which may be converted into Heatstroke Centers for the affectees.
  • Activate respective Emergency Operation Centers round the clock.
  • Mobilize community volunteer groups and Civil Defence.
  • Bound ice factories on the rates and ensuring optimal production.
  • Advise their line departments regarding precautionary measures.

PROVINCIAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY SINDH: 

  • Ensure overall coordination with National and Provincial departments.
  • Issue timely warning upon its receipt from Pakistan Met and NDMA.
  • Advise the relevant departments on implementation of precautionary measures.
  • Ensure activation of Emergency Operation Center in PDMA Head Office.
  • Coordinate with Armed Forces, INGOs, UN Bodies and Philanthropists for resource mobilization.
  • Launch public information campaign through ‘SMS’ via PTA regarding extreme heat and precautionary measures.

Implementation of these guidelines can surely reduce the adverse impact of extreme heat wave.